Faisabilité du dépistage ciblé VIH, VHB, VHC dans une structure de soins ambulatoires avec un système de permanence d’accès aux soins de santé intégré

Faisabilité du dépistage ciblé VIH, VHB, VHC dans une structure de soins ambulatoires avec un système de permanence d’accès aux soins de santé intégré

Aparicio C1, Mourez T, Simoneau G, Magnier JD, Galichon B, Plaisance P, Bergmann JF, Sellier P. Presse Med. 2012 Oct;41(10):e517-23. 

Source : 1Hôpital Lariboisière, urgences accueil et traitement des urgences, 75010 Paris, France.

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: In France, patients coming from sub-Saharan Africa, French Indies and French Guiana are frequently missed HIV, HBV and HCV diagnosis, despite high prevalence of these infections. METHODS: Targeted proposal of HIV, HBV and HCV screening, using sensitive enzyme immunoassays, to any adult patient originating of the above mentioned areas, with/without medical insurance, consulting for a medical issue in outpatients’ department. Monocentric prospective study in a hospital in Paris during 28 consecutive days in 2010. RESULTS: Among the 272 eligible patients, 166 were tested (patients’ acceptance: 61%). 180/272 (66%) alleged being tested previously for HIV, women (66/87, 76%) more frequently than men (114/185, 62%), P=0.02. Patients’ acceptance seemed higher in patients mentioning no previous test than in patients reporting previous test. Among the patients who refused being tested, reporting a previous negative HIV test, more than a quarter has been tested more than 1 year ago. Among the 166 tested patients, 120 (72%) came back to get their results, men (89/113, 79%) more frequently than women (31/53, 58.5%), P=0.009; recently metropolitan patients more frequently than longer metropolitan patients, P=0.01; patients without any job more frequently than patients with a job, P=0.01. Three (1.8%) HIV tests returned positive; HBsAg was positive in 13 (7.8%) patients; 54 patients (32.7%) had a negative hepatitis B screening (anti-HBcAb+HBsAg+anti-HBsAb), attesting to sensitivity to this infection, only 18 patients (10.9%) showed isolated anti-HBsAb at protective levels. Eighty-one patients (49.1%) exhibited anti-HBcAb, confirming the high prevalence of HBV infection in the areas the patients came from. Six patients (3.6%) had anti-HCVAb. There was no co-infection. CONCLUSION: Targeted HIV, HBV and HCV screening to patients coming from high prevalence areas in outpatients’ department appears a very cost-effective strategy.